Boom and Bust: Why North American Freemasonry Continues To Decline

I feel the need to preface this article with a disclaimer and assure my readers that it is not my intention to offend anyone with the contents of this post. That being said, while I am extremely hesitant to even write this article I don’t feel apologetic about presenting the facts as I see them.

The fact is that this isn’t an article that I want to write, it’s an article that I feel that I have to.

Boom and Bust

I’ve recently had a few conversations with some brothers about the direction that our fraternity seems to be heading which really got me thinking. Granted, talks about this subject are not uncommon in our fraternity and any brother who has been a member for any length of time in North America has overheard or participated in one.

Rest assured, it is not my intention to dive into the data concerning our membership statistics and make predictions about what’s around the corner for Freemasonry. Bro. Lance Kennedy has already covered the numbers extensively with his article “Freemasonry Is Dying” and at this point, there is no need to restate what has already been brought to light. My analysis of this article can be found here if anyone is interested in where I believe the fraternity is heading.

What I do want to lay out in this article is why I believe those numbers are still in decline. In other words, we know the what, now let’s figure out the why.

Unfortunately, that why may make some people upset.

I now invite your attention to the chart below. Using the data provided by the Masonic Service Association of North America we can plot out a graph that gives us a general idea of what the membership trends in our fraternity have looked like in North America as a whole since 1924.

As you can see, membership topped out in 1959 and been in a steady decline ever since.


Before we move forward, let’s look at what we do know: The Silent Generation joined our fraternity in massive numbers around the middle of the last century which caused the membership swell reflected in the center of the graph.

Once the Baby Boomers came of age (the oldest Boomers would have only been around 13 years old in 1959) they joined the fraternity but not in the same numbers as the preceding generation.

At this point, you may wonder why we were still in decline when the Boomers were joining and the reason for this would be because our membership numbers were attempting to stabilize and return to equilibrium. Another way of thinking about it would be to consider the huge rise in numbers as an aberration which could only be temporary and would eventually return to normal.

Despite what is often said otherwise, the data doesn’t present any evidence that Boomers joined in excessive numbers.

We also know that Generation X generally had no interest in joining Freemasonry, or any of their father’s organizations for that matter. If they had then I may not have written this article as it’d be reasonable to predict that we’d be looking at a different graph where the decline levels back out and stabilizes somewhere between 3 and 2.5 million members.

What’s strange is that both the Millenials and generation Z (or whatever they end up being called) are interested in Freemasonry but, much to the frustration of lodges and Grand Lodges across North America, we can’t seem to retain them. The decline should be slowing down but new members are leaving Freemasonry as fast as lodges can get them in.

The question now, is why?

Generational Succession

Most readers are likely familiar with the idea of succession, whereby something is inherited, such as a title or a property. In the context of Freemasonry, generational succession occurs when stewardship of the organization is inherited from one generation by the other which is succeeding it.

The process of generational succession is typically very gradual, as younger members join and older members move on to that Celestial Lodge above. In time, the succeeding generation will inherit the mantle of full stewardship of the fraternity and the cycle begins over once again.

As each generation slowly becomes the majority stakeholder of each lodge and Grand Lodge, the fraternity itself will begin to reflect the societal values of that generation. This is why Freemasonry has changed so much in the ~300 years that the fraternity has been in existence. If a modern brother was placed in a lodge meeting 300 years ago then what was transpiring would be unlike any Masonic experiences he has had in the past. However, if we were to take a brother from 275 years ago and place him in that same situation then he would be much more familiar although he’d surely notice some differences as well.

So, in short, generational succession is important because it allows Freemasonry to gradually adapt according to generational expectations from the fraternity. Typically, the differences in expectations between one generation and its successor are small enough that, while certain things are sure to change, the differences aren’t so vast as to create contention among the brothers.

So…what happens if this succession skips an entire generation?

This is what happened when Generation X chose not to join the fraternity and the effects are threefold. It is my belief that identifying these will give us insight into why our membership is still in freefall.

The Three Results

 1. The Boomers have held the stewardship of our fraternity for almost 40 years and they shaped the fraternity to reflect their values and expectations during this time. During this entire time, they have been the majority stakeholders of our lodges and Grand Lodges and, as such, they have had more control over policies and a longer period of time to implement changes than any generation that has preceded it.

In short, most programs and policies that lodges and Grand Lodges currently have in place, be they good or bad, were implemented or changed by Boomers.

My video “Seven Ways To Retain Millennial Masons” talks about what I believe young men are expecting out of Freemasonry, most of which is in very sharp contrast to what older brethren are assuming we want. This ‘disconnect’ is due to the gap in generational succession.

2.  As stated previously, the majority of our membership consisted of Boomers for several decades. Many of them have been involved for the fraternity longer than most young Masons, including myself, have been alive and in many lodges they were the brethren who kept the doors open when nobody was joining, there was nobody new to take an office, and the lodge didn’t have enough money to keep the lights on.

We owe them a great deal of gratitude for this.

On the other hand, when something has been under your care for a great length of time it can be difficult to hand over to someone else, which is what we are seeing 99% of the time when a new young and enthusiastic Mason wants to get involved with his lodge and start contributing.

When a man feels as though his input doesn’t matter then he eventually finds someplace that it does. This isn’t uniquely Millenial either, every man wants to be heard and feel as though he is contributing something.

3. The gap in generational succession means that there is a greater difference in expectations out of the fraternity than one would see if there had been no gap at all. Small changes are generally more easily accepted however young men seem to want very different experiences out their Masonic journies than the Boomers.

These expectations, when coupled with the other two issues listed above, are rarely met.

I believe this is why we lose young men almost as fast as we can initiate them.


I want to repeat and clarify that this article isn’t intended to criticize, belittle, or slander any of my fellow Masons. To those of you who have read this yet still feel upset with me then know that I wish you the best but I will not apologize for sharing the facts as I see them.

I don’t believe that the Baby Boomers have done anything wrong, they’ve simply done what every generation with stewardship of the fraternity has done before them, they’ve just had more time and influence to do so.

We’ve come to the answer to our last why: Young men are leaving the fraternity because it generally isn’t providing what they joined hoping to find.

There’s a hole in our bucket and it’s losing water faster than we can fill it up.


This entry was posted in Freemasonry, Lodge Culture, Masonic Improvement, Reflections, Running A Masonic Lodge, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Boom and Bust: Why North American Freemasonry Continues To Decline

  1. James Logan says:

    Excellent article one of the trends I have been following is the refinement of the Fraternity as opposed to a decline. I feel our organization will look more like the Masonic Fraternity pre World War 1, where as our numbers swelled for four decades and we planned the future of the Fraternity based on that trend’s numbers from men looking to keep the close bonds of Military brotherhood formed by the wars alive, that combined with the lack of a social safety net made Masonry very attractive as a insurance for your family’s welfare at that time. Here in Canada our medical and welfare system from the 1960s relieved that need to seek Fraternities as a way to ensure your family would be looked after in your death or hard times. Yes we have seen declining numbers but I feel what is left when our younger generations start taking control of the Fraternity and hopefully employing the real mission of Freemasonry we will be looking like the organization we should be and not another service club.


  2. Pingback: Putting Ideas Into Practice: Creating Your Ideal Lodge | Masonic Improvement

  3. Matt says:

    I respectfully disagree with you regarding the baby boomers. I view the baby boomers as the most selfish generation. They hold the power, the wealth, and the prestige and refuse to hand it down to the newer generations. This explains why there are able to hold onto their archaic practices without feeling the need to innovate and the pleas of future generations remain ignored. You frame this as them being stewards of the fraternity, but this is far from the truth — they’re an infestation that brought Freemasonry down.

    Perhaps this is link will be illuminating:


  4. George L Waas says:

    The Masonic Association of North America has apparently removed the annual posting of membership numbers. I think it is obvious why. The last year the total membership number was posted, 2017, membership was less than 1.1 million. I have to believe the association stopped publishing membership numbers because total membership has now dropped below one million, from a high of well over 4 million in 1959. Thus, when the north American population was significantly lower back then, Masonic membership was high. Today, with a much higher population, the number of Masons has plummeted. There are many reasons for this decline, and the Fraternity is all too well aware of them. Indeed, much has been written about this. However, efforts to slow or stem this decline have thus far not worked. The fear is that we will, sooner rather than later, reach a number below which the Fraternity cannot go in order to achieve sustainability. There have been articles written to the effect that Freemasonry is dying. As an entity focusing on lodges, lodge meetings and lodge activities, this may well be the case. But Freemasonry as a concept will remain. After all, the teachings of the Fraternity are as old as organized society itself. Perhaps if we do a better job of tapping in to social media, rather than focusing on attendance at lodges, we might find an opening to resurrect the lifeblood of the Fraternity. One thing is certain, however. The status quo isn’t working. We need an overarching plan, and we need it yesterday.


  5. Pingback: Baptists and Freemasonry, Concluding Thoughts | Jeff Straub

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